When the cells in the body get damaged, it dies down and new cells take their place. This growth of the cells is formed after getting the right signals, but when these damaged cells tend to grow further and do not die down, it can cause cancer. These unwanted growths of the cells, pile up in the form of trillion cells and may start spreading in any part of the body. This abnormal spread can cause tumors, these tumors can be of three types, namely: Benign tumor, Malignant tumor, and Pre Malignant tumor.
Benign tumors are non-cancerous and non-aggressive, these slowly multiply. However, Malignant tumors are cancerous and aggressive too, it also multiplies at a higher rate. Pre Malignant tumors are at the stage where they can move in the direction of being cancerous.
At Cancer Treatment in Hyderabad, doctors will diagnose the entire affected area, to know about the spread and respective infection in the body. Cancer cells tell blood vessels to grow toward tumors. These blood vessels supply tumors with oxygen and nutrients and remove waste products from tumors.
Generally, these cells tend to hide from the immune system, because the immune system destroys the damaged cells. These cells trick the immune system to supply its required blood flow and make it grow rather than dispose of the body.
Well, these cancer cells survive in particular by relying on different kinds of nutrients than normal cells. In addition, some cancer cells make energy from nutrients in a different way than most normal cells. These cancer cells grow more quickly.
Tests – at Cancer Treatment in Hyderabad, physicians might conduct a “physical test” to find out the lumps that are seeming to be cancer-causing nods. It can be identified by some normal symptoms: change in the skin color or abnormal increase in the size of the organ.
Another examination includes urine and blood test, that is checked under the laboratory apparatus, where the doctor can analyze the depth of the issue, like the presence of an exact number of white cells in the body.
Further, CT Scan, PET Scan, MRI, ultrasound, and X-ray are the imaging methods, where the pictures of the bones allow the doctor to examine the severity of the cancer cells.
The biopsy is a sort of test, which includes a sample of cells. In the laboratory, doctors look at cell samples under the microscope. Normal cells look uniform, with similar sizes and orderly organization. Cancer cells look less orderly, with varying sizes and without apparent organization.
After the diagnosis of the issue, the doctor determines the size, location, and stage of cancer. Cancer stages are indicated by the numbers 0 through 4, which are often written as Roman numerals 0 through IV. Higher numbers indicate a more advanced cancer. For some types of cancer, the cancer stage is indicated using letters or words.
Treatment of the cancer is available and depending upon the stage of the disease, doctors at Cancer Treatment in Hyderabad can choose among Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, Bone marrow transplant, Immunotherapy, Hormone therapy, Targeted drug therapy.
The FDA has approved a form of gene therapy called CAR T-cell therapy. It uses some of your own immune cells, called T cells, to treat your cancer. Doctors take the cells out of your blood and change them by adding new genes so they can better find and kill cancer cells.